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The complex was expanded and added to by the Inca from the 13th century; they built dry stone walls constructed of huge stones.
The workers carefully cut the boulders to fit them together tightly without mortar. In 1983, Cusco and Sacsayhuamán together were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List for recognition and protection.
And in the lower part of this wall there were stones so large and thick that it seemed impossible that human hands could have set them in place..were so close together, and so well fitted, that the point of a pin could not have been inserted in one of the joints.
The whole fortress was built up in terraces and flat spaces." The numerous rooms were "filled with arms, lances, arrows, darts, clubs, bucklers and large oblong shields...there were many morions...there were also...certain stretchers in which the Lords travelled, as in litters." Much of the fighting occurred in and around Sacsayhuamán, as it was critical to maintaining control over the city.
is a citadel on the northern outskirts of the city of Cusco, Peru, the historic capital of the Inca Empire.
Sections were first built by the Killke culture about 1100; they had occupied the area since 900.
The longest of the three walls is about 400 meters. The estimated volume of stone is over 6,000 cubic meters.A similar relationship to that between Cuzco and Sacsayhuamán was replicated by the Inca in their distant colony where Santiago, Chile has developed.The Inca fortress there, known as Chena, predated the Spanish colonial city; it was a ceremonial ritual site of Huaca de Chena.They are believed to have been built by the Killke culture, which preceded the Inca.While appearing to be ceremonial in nature, the exact function remains unknown.