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[10] found that 35% of victims of traditional bullying were also bullied in cyberspace.

Adolescents who were bullied, particularly indirectly and verbally, showed a higher risk of victimization in cyberspace a year later.

Received Date: June 08, 2015; Accepted Date: December 26, 2015; Published Date: December 29, 2015 Citation: Björkqvist K, Hassan Jaghoory MSS, Österman K (2015) Cyberbullying among Adolescents: A Comparison between Iran and Finland. doi:10.4172/2375-4494.1000265 Copyright: © 2015 Björkqvist K, et al.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Researchers worldwide agree on that more than a third of adolescents have experiences of cyberbullying.

Hinduja and Patchin [4] found that more than 32% of boys and over 36% of girls have been victims of cyberbullying.

Instrument The questionnaire consisted of variables measuring various types of cyberbullying, such as sending nasty phone calls, nasty text messages, nasty e-mails, and putting up nasty pictures and films on Internet (Mini-DIA) [17]. The respondents had to respond on a Likert-type scale, ranging from 0 (never) to 4 (very often), how often they had been exposed to these behaviors (victim version), and how often they themselves had exposed others to such behaviors (perpetrator version).

However, it is not always easy to distinguish between what should be considered as bullying rather than as regular aggression.

Olweus [2] pointed out two crucial aspects that distinguish between bullying and non-bullying aggression: aggression may be a single act, whereas bullying involves repeated acts; furthermore, bully-victim relationships characteristically have an imbalance of power, making it difficult for the victim to defend himself or herself [2].

The concept of a power imbalance in cyberbullying is more complicated than in traditional forms of bullying [3].

Accordingly, it may be difficult to conclusively show that you have a case of cyberbullying rather than a case of general cyber aggression at hand.

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