Carbon dating gold
Obviously there will usually be a loss of stable carbon too but the proportion of radiocarbon to stable carbon will reduce according to the exponential decay law: R = A exp(-T/8033) where R is C ratio of the living organism and T is the amount of time that has passed since the death of the organism.
By measuring the ratio, R, in a sample we can then calculate the age of the sample: T = -8033 ln(R/A) Both of these complications are dealt with by calibration of the radiocarbon dates against material of known age.
A generous sample of those underknown peoples’ work in gold is presented in “Philippine Gold: Treasures of Forgotten Kingdoms,” a gorgeous and historically intriguing exhibition of about 120 pieces from the 10th Organized by the Asia Society’s Adriana Proser and, as consulting curator, Florina Capistrano-Baker of the Ayala Museum, Philippines, to which most of the items on view belong, the show includes bracelets, bangles, necklaces, pendants, pectorals, collars, finger rings, dishes, bowls, a balance scale made entirely of gold and triangular pieces with rounded corners called “chastity covers” designed to be worn by women over their genitals.
The star of the show and the biggest piece is a gleaming sash that could be mistaken for a futuristic ammunition belt.
Made of myriad gold beads, it’s designed to be worn over one shoulder, across the chest and to the hip where one end threads through a loop and concludes with the setting for a now lost finial.
Further complications arise when the carbon in a sample has not taken a straightforward route from the atmosphere to the organism and thence to the measured sample.
More than half a millennium before Ferdinand Magellan reached the archipelago now called the Philippines in 1521, a number of related societies thrived there. They left no enduring architecture, monuments or literature.